The United Nations was originally formed during World War 2 from the Allied nations in their fight against the Axis. 26 Allied nations signed an agreement to form the "United Nations" which received its name from President Franklin D. Roosevelt
on January 1st, 1942. All nations pledged that they would fight together to defeat the "Axis Powers." Prior to World War 2, the predecessor of the United Nations was the League of Nations. The League of Nations was a failure that did not
stop Germany from its agressive acts so the Allied powers at the end of the war decided the League of Nations needed a replacement.
After World War 2, 50 countries met in San Francisco at the United Nations Conference and drew up the United Nations Charter. On October 24th, 1945 the United Nations Charter was ratified and the United Nations officially came into existence as we know it today. Throughout the years, the United Nations has served as a location for countries around the world to cooperate and discuss major global issues. In addition to this, the United Nations also participates in peace-keeping missions as well as missions to supply aid and relief to countries in need. The United Nations headquarter is based in New York in the USA.
After World War 2, we thought that would be the last of major world conflicts. How wrong we were! As World War 2 closed, Winston Churchill would say, "From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an iron curtain has descended across the Continent."
And thus, began the Cold War. It was a war between the ideals of democracy and capitalism of the west vs communism of the Soviet Union. The first major confrontation was in Korea. There, the United States and its allies would push back North Korea almost
to the border in China.
But then, China entered the war and went on the offensive. North Korea and China would push the Allies back to what is now known as the demilitarized zone between South and North Korea today. Then Vietnam happened. Once again, the US would fight North Vietnam to help South Vietnam against communism. But this time, the sheer number of American casualties and internal opposition back home would lead to the US withdrawing from Vietnam. It was not long after that South Vietnam succumbed to North Vietnam.
During the Cold War, we would come close to the brink of nuclear war during the Cuban Missile crisis. Castro, the leader of Cuba, would invite the Soviet Union to place interballistic missiles in Cuba. When the Americans discovered that interballistic missiles had arrived in Cuba, the US government went on the offensive and put an embargo on Cuba. It was tense as the Soviet Union felt threatened by this embargo and some generals from the USSR were even willing to trigger a nuclear war if the US attacked Soviet positions in Cuba. Fortunately, through back channels, President John F. Kennedy was able to reach out to Kruschev and negotiate a settlement that saw the USSR withdraw the missiles and avert a potential nuclear war.